types of reading disabilities and deficiencies

Types of Reading Disabilities and Deficiencies

The complex process of reading requires a combinations of cognitive, physical, and emotional skills.  A skill most taken for granted is reading. Unfortunately, many children struggle to acquire these skills and develop reading disabilities or deficiencies. In this article, we will discuss the different types of reading disabilities and deficiencies. By understanding the various types of reading disabilities and deficiencies, parents and educators can better identify and support those who struggle with reading.


People with dyslexia have difficulty reading and comprehending written text. Dyslexia is the most common type of reading disability. It affects many individuals, especially those learning to read, write, and spell words. Symptoms can include having difficulty identifying letters or reversing them when reading or writing. Dyslexia can also cause challenges in remembering what was read or understanding spoken language. It is important to recognize that dyslexia does not mean an individual cannot learn. Rather that they require different strategies to help them access information in a different way compared to other learners.


Dyscalculia is a common reading disability that affects people’s ability to interpret numbers, math symbols and even comprehend basic mathematical concepts. Learning disabilities like dyscalculia can also cause difficulties with counting, measuring, and estimating. It is often linked to a phonological deficit, which affects sound processing and recognition of symbols as well as a deficiency in ‘concept imagery’ as proposed by the Lindamood-Bell Learning Processes https://lindamoodbell.com/. People with dyscalculia may have difficulty understanding simple equations or struggle to remember arithmetic facts.  This can lead to frustration for both the learner and those supporting the individual. There is no cure for dyscalculia. More effectively managing this condition in classrooms and other learning environments can be done with increased awareness.

In conclusion, while it is important to recognize the signs of reading disability or deficiency and receive assistance early on.  This should not be a cause for alarm. With appropriate diagnosis and support, such as intervention services, specialized instruction and other accommodations; children with reading disabilities can still thrive in an academic setting. Furthermore, they may develop strengths in areas other than reading. Today’s educators help students’ success in reading while becoming self-sufficient individuals.

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